Mongolia is undergoing profound changes and is balancing economic development, along with protection of its unique ecosystems while preserving its traditional culture. Mongolia is also working to develop its education system. Prior to the Soviet era, Mongolia had no universities or other higher education institutions. Today, Mongolia’s literacy rate and education completion percentage ranks among the top in the world. There are approximately 107 universities in Mongolia and roughly 178,200 students attend these universities. From these universities, 80 are private, 18 are state universities, 10 are state universities branches, and three are foreign universities branches. More than 60 percent of the students attend state universities. In Mongolia, top-ranking universities tend to be what are known as "state" universities, mainly because their resources and facilities were created by the state during the Soviet era.
One notable change in the Mongolian higher education system that has occurred in recent years is the revitalization of vocational training schools. With demand created by the mining industry and new infrastructure projects, the importance of vocational training is rising. The government of Mongolia is interested in developing faculty, and updating the curriculum for vocational training schools, and is seeking and creating incentives to attract more students to vocational schools.
In the higher education sector, the government of Mongolia is eager to see increased emphasis on environmental sciences, information technology, mining, and health. Mongolia seeks to create an environment suitable for implementing flexible and multi-dimensional curricula, to conduct efficiency analysis of university management structure, and to consider the process of transferring credits between Mongolian and foreign schools.
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