Mongolia is undergoing profound changes. As a nation it is balancing economic development while also seeking to protect its traditional culture and preserve its unique ecosystems. Mongolia is also working to develop its education system. Prior to the Soviet Era, Mongolia had no universities or other higher education institutions. Today, Mongolia’s literacy rate and education completion percentage ranks among the top in the world. There are approximately 107 universities in Mongolia and roughly 178,200 students attend these universities. Of these universities, 80 are private, 18 are state universities, 10 are state university branches, and three are foreign university branches. More than 60 percent of students attend state universities. In Mongolia, top-ranking universities tend to be state universities, mainly because their resources and facilities were created by the state during the Soviet era.
One notable change in the Mongolian higher education system in recent years is the revitalization of vocational training schools. With demand driven by the mining industry and new infrastructure projects, the importance of vocational training is rising. The Government of Mongolia is interested in developing faculty and updating the curriculum for vocational training schools, and is actively creating incentives to attract more students.
In the higher education sector, the Government of Mongolia prioritizes study in environmental sciences, information technology, mining, and health. Mongolia seeks to implement flexible and multi-dimensional curricula and conduct efficiency analysis of university management structure. It is also cosidering enabeling credits to be transferred between Mongolian and foreign schools.
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