Invitation letters required for all countries except India.
• India: scholars are encouraged to make contact with a potential host institution but an invitation letter is not required. Affiliations with think tanks, nongovernmental organizations and research centers in the respective areas of specialization will be considered. Affiliation to be determined by the United States-India Educational Foundation (USIEF), but applicant may indicate a preference.
• Bhutan: An invitation letter may help facilitate placement at that institution, but is not a guarantee of final placement. The Government of Bhutan will decide and approve all final affiliations in consultation with the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi, with preference given for considerations outside the capital city of Thimphu.
• Pakistan: awards are restricted to Islamabad and possibly Lahore. Applications for other cities or regions of Pakistan will not be considered. Consult the Fulbright commission on host institution affiliation before seeking an invitation letter. The Fulbright commission in Pakistan will finalize all affiliations.
• Sri Lanka: scholars are encouraged to contact a potential host institution and the United States-Sri Lanka Fulbright Commission (US-SLFC) can facilitate the process if applicants indicate a preference. US-SLFC will finalize all affiliations
• Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan: consult Fulbright contacts abroad in the U.S. Embassy Public Affairs Office of the host country on appropriate host institutions for each country before seeking an invitation letter. Refer to each country's award description for contact information.
• Central Asia: obtaining visas is a challenge. Scholars should be flexible regarding proposed travel between countries. Adjustments may be necessary in order to minimize complications and comply with host country visa regulations and limitations on entering and exiting multiple countries.